Philosophy Reference

Download e-book for kindle: Neurotechnologies of the Self: Mind, Brain and Subjectivity by Jonna Brenninkmeijer

By Jonna Brenninkmeijer

Taking care of oneself is more and more interpreted as caring for one’s mind. except drugs, books, foodstuff, and video games for a greater mind, humans may also use neurotechnologies for self-improvement. This ebook explores how using mind units to appreciate or increase the self alterations people’s subjectivity.
This e-book describes how the consequences of numerous mind units have been and are proven; how brains and selves have interaction within the paintings of early brainwave scientists and modern practitioners; how clients of neurofeedback (brainwave education) represent a brand new mode of self that's prolonged with a mind and diverse different (physiological, mental, fabric, and infrequently religious) entities, and; how consumers, practitioners and different actors (computers, mind maps, brainwaves) practice a dance of organization throughout the neurofeedback strategy. via those topics, Jonna Brenninkmeijer provides a historic, ethnographical, and theoretical exploration of the mode of being that's constituted while humans use a mind gadget to enhance themselves.

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Get Phenomenology of Life - From the Animal Soul to the Human PDF

By Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Transcendental phenomenology presumed to have conquer the vintage mind-body dichotomy when it comes to attention. may still we certainly dissolve the specificity of human attention by means of explaining human adventure in its a number of sense-giving modalities throughout the physiological features of the mind? the current number of stories addresses this significant query hard such "naturalizing" reductionism from a number of angles.

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New PDF release: Architecture of Modern Mathematics: Essays in History and

By J. Ferreirós,J. J. Gray

This edited quantity, geared toward either scholars and researchers in philosophy, arithmetic and historical past of technology, highlights prime advancements within the overlapping components of philosophy and the heritage of recent arithmetic. it's a coherent, vast ranging account of ways a couple of themes within the philosophy of arithmetic has to be reconsidered within the gentle of the most recent historic study and the way a couple of historic bills could be deepened through embracing philosophical questions.

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Get Zionism and the Biology of Jews (History, Philosophy and PDF

By Raphael Falk

This e-book deals a special viewpoint on Zionism. the writer, a geneticist by way of education, specializes in technological know-how, instead of heritage. He seems to be on the claims that Jews represent a individuals with universal organic roots. an issue that is helping offer justification for the aspirations of this political circulate devoted to the go back of the Jewish humans to their homeland.

His learn explores matters. the 1st considers the statement that there's a biology of the Jews. the second one offers with makes an attempt to combine this concept right into a constant background. either concerns opened up opposed to the history of a romantic nationwide tradition of Western Europe within the nineteenth century: Jews, basically from japanese Europe, started to think those notions and shortly they took the lead within the re-formulation of Jewish and Zionist life.

The writer doesn't intend to provide a accomplished photograph of the organic literature of the origins of a humans and the blood kinfolk among them. He additionally acknowledges that the topic is emotionally-loaded. The publication does, although, current a profound mediation on 3 overlapping questions: what's precise or special to the Jews? Who have been the true Jews? and the way can one determine Jews?

This quantity is a revised and edited English model of Tzionut Vehabiologia shel Hayehudim, released in 2006.

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Alexander Friedrich's Metaphorologie der Vernetzung: Zur Theorie kultureller PDF

By Alexander Friedrich

Vernetzung ist zur leitenden Metapher unserer Zeit avanciert. Die Beschreibung der Welt kommt ohne sie nicht mehr aus. Seit die Rede von Netzen und Netzwerken überall selbstverständlich geworden ist, scheint sie ihren metaphorischen Charakter quickly verloren zu haben. was once aber macht Vernetzung zu einer kulturellen Leitmetapher und used to be zeichnet sie gegenüber anderen Sprach- und Denkfiguren aus?
Diese Frage verlangt eine Antwort, die den philosophischen Komplikationen des Gegenstands wie der phänomenalen Vielfalt seiner historischen Figurationen gerecht wird. Von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart reichend, zeichnet Alexander Friedrich die verwickelte Geschichte der Netzmetaphorik in Wissenschaft, Kunst, faith, Politik, Wirtschaft, Technik und Gesellschaft nach, um an ihrer Karriere eine Theorie kultureller Leitmetaphern zu entwickeln.

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Download e-book for kindle: Faktizität und Individuation: Studien zu den Grundlagen der by Ludwig Landgrebe

By Ludwig Landgrebe

Husserl nannte die Geschichte 'das große Faktum des absoluten Seins'. Wie aber ist deren Faktizität, und damit auch die Faktizität des handelnden Einzelnen, überhaupt zu denken, wenn sie zugleich nur durch die phänomenologische Konstitu-tion ins Dasein tritt? Dieses Grundproblem, additionally das der Individuation, steht im Mittelpunkt der späten Aufsätze Ludwig Landgrebes, in denen er an die Grenzen der Husserlschen Konzep-tion der Phänomenologie vorstößt. Dabei verteidigt er einerseits dessen place gegen empiristisch-anthropologische Auffassungen und zeigt andererseits über Husserl hinausgehende Möglichkeiten zur Auflösung der Probleme, in die sich die Phänomenologie in Ansehung der Begründung der Faktizität verstrickt.

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Read e-book online Collective Agency and Cooperation in Natural and Artificial PDF

By Catrin Misselhorn

This ebook brings jointly philosophical techniques to cooperation and collective company with learn into human-machine interplay and cooperation from engineering, robotics, computing device technological know-how and AI. Bringing those up to now principally unrelated fields of analysis jointly ends up in a greater figuring out of collective corporation in typical and synthetic structures and may support to enhance the layout and function of hybrid platforms concerning human and synthetic brokers. Modeling collective employer with the aid of machine simulations gives you additionally philosophical insights into the emergence of collective agency.

The quantity involves 4 sections. the 1st part is devoted to the idea that of organization. the second one component to the publication turns to human-machine cooperation. the point of interest of the 3rd part is the transition from cooperation to collective employer. The final part matters the explanatory worth of social simulations of collective service provider within the broader framework of cultural evolution.

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Download PDF by Gary M. Gurtler: PLOTINUS, Ennead IV.4.30-45 & IV.5: Problems Concerning the

By Gary M. Gurtler

Ennead IV.4.30–45 and IV.5 retrieves the harmony during this final element of Plotinus’ treatise on difficulties in regards to the Soul. Combining translation with statement, Gurtler complements either the accuracy of the interpretation and the restoration of Plotinus’ usually unsuspected originality. this is often very true for IV.5, the place past translations fail to exhibit the concise nature of his argument opposed to either the Aristotelian and Platonic theories of imaginative and prescient. Plato and Aristotle each one declare that imaginative and prescient is dependent upon the sunshine among the attention and the item, yet Plotinus provides proof that this isn't the case and develops a unique conception of sunshine as a moment job that strikes from resource to item without delay, even arguing that colour is within the gentle itself instead of in basic terms a top quality of the thing. This conception of imaginative and prescient, in flip, depends upon the character of sympathy constructed particularly in IV.4.30–45, the place Plotinus exhibits how motion at a distance is either attainable and important for the right kind team spirit in variety of the practical cosmos.

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Get Philosophy of Justice (Contemporary Philosophy: A New PDF

By Guttorm Fløistad

This ebook provides surveys of important traits in modern philosophy. Contributing authors discover issues when it comes to justice together with ordinary rights, equality, freedom, democracy, morality and cultural traditions. Key activities and thinkers are thought of, starting from old Greek philosophy, Roman and Christian traditions to the advance of Muslim legislation, Enlightenment views and beyond.

Authors talk about very important works, together with these of Aristotle, Ibn Khaldun, John Locke, Immanuel Kant and Mary Wollstonecraft. Readers also are invited to check Hegel and the basis of correct, Karl Marx as a utopian socialist and the works of Paul Ricœur, among the wealth of views offered during this book.

Through those chapters, readers may be able to discover the connection of the country to justice and look at the rights of the person and the function of legislation. Contributions provided right here speak about options together with Sharia legislation, freedom in the neighborhood and Libertarian Anarchism. Readers could stick with money owed of justice within the Scottish Enlightenment and look at equity, social justice and the concept that of injustice. 

The surveys awarded the following express assorted methods and quite a few interpretations. every one contribution has its personal bibliography.

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S. Chapman's Susan Stebbing and the Language of Common Sense (History of PDF

By S. Chapman

this primary book-length research of the paintings and lifetime of L. Susan Stebbing relates the improvement of her proposal to the philosophical, social and political historical past of her existence. It additionally assesses Stebbing's contribution within the gentle of advancements either in analytic philosophy and in linguistics within the decade given that her death.

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